On Saturday/Sunday, May 4th/5th 2019 we are in Bilbao.
Bilbao stretches out along the Ría de Bilbao. The Ría de Bilbao is the mouth of the river Nervión. Bilbao lies 14km away from the sea. The surrounding mountains do leave little space for Bilbao. About 400’000 inhabitants live densely, with 8000 persons per square meter, as my Dumont says. The inhabitants of Bilbao call their city “el bocho” or “eye of a needle”.
The city center is split between the old and the new town, the old town on the right-hand side of the Ría, the new town on the left side.
The old town on the right-hand side of the Ría
Near the water are the roofs of the small old town with the Cathedral Santiago seen from the Artxanda hill.
Elevators are used to overcome the height differences from the old center. A guard takes 45 cents per person. The button for the elevator is labelled “llamada” and I understand, you have to call (llamar) the guard to take you up and down.
The elevators built in concrete are scattered around the city center.
The heart of the old town is the Plaza Nueva with its arcades and the many, many bars and restaurants.
In the Cathedral de Santiago, it is the cloister that I like most, with the lemon trees.
The old town is small and full of bars and restaurants, pintxos are on display everywhere.
The new town on the left-hand side of the bay
This is the new town with its modern appearance, also seen from the Artxanda hill.
I had always imagined the famous Guggenheim Museum to stand close to the sea. But this “heap” of Titan stands inland on the banks of the Ría Bilbao.
The streets are ample in the new town. The lifeline is the Gran Via named after the founder of Bilbao, Don Diego Lopez de Haro.
There are great shops here such as Rosa Clara’s wedding dresses.
The style of the buildings is either promoterism (also called wilhelminian, second half of the 19th century)…
… or they are art nouveau (built in the early 20th century).
Then there are modern buildings, many of them built be renowned architects. One example is the Office Tower of Iberdola.
Another example is the Congress Center. The – also modern – red brick posh five star hotel Melia is mirroring in the windows.
The Guggenheim Museum marks Bilbao´s revival in the 90’s
THE highlight, the Guggenheim Museum, has been designed by the Canadian architect Frank O. Gehry and was inaugurated in 1997.
On three levels, the museum shows modern art.
On the second floor, we find the temporary exhibition of Jenny Holzer. Using words, she captures violence on plates, benches and in video installations – haunting. Another exhibition are the still-life paintings of Giorgio Morandi, put into relation with classical paintings of Jean Siméon Chardin (I like the boys playing with cards), El Greco or Zurbarán.
Outside on the terrace, the colourful balloons make great mirrors.
It is said that Bilbao benefited from the “Guggenheim impact” which initiated the revival of the city in the 90’s, after the decline of the steel, metal and shipbuilding industry.
Bridges are also the footprints of great architects
Some great architects also left footprints building bridges that cross the Ría Bilboa.
The White Bridge (Zubizuri) designed by Calatrava is playful with the strings and the transparent glass floor. It is said that Calatrava was not very pleased to see his glass floor being covered with a carpet, for the benefit of the pedestrians. Well, glass is slippery…
The Puente de Euskalduna has been designed by Frank O. Gehry. He was kind with the pedestrians: They walk under a roof. His bridge swings over the bay.
History of Bilbao
We visit the ethnological museum to learn more about the history of Bilbao. Around 1300, Don Diego Lopez de Haro transformed the fishing village into a city. After 1500, it was the center of wool and fabric trade with Flanders, later in addition for whaling.
In the 19th century, it was the mining, steel, metal and ship building industry that made Bilbao rich, and I discover, they also had porcelain production.
After the decline of the steel, metal and shipbuilding industry in 1990, Bilbao was able to win Frank O. Gehry to build the Guggenheim Museum. This set the base to motivate more renowned architects to build for Bilbao… and, as a consequence, the number of overnight stays doubled.
I felt at home in Bilbao
I felt at home in Bilbao, as this lively city with its modern appearance reminds me of my mother town Berlin, though Bilbao is much smaller and more manageable.
Our hotel NH Collection Villa de Bilbao was located near the Plaza del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús. From the fitness room on the seventh floor, I could see the statue of Jesús.
Yes, I will keep the memory of Bilbao in my heart.
Source: Mario Golder: “Nordspanien und der Jakobsweg”, Dumont 2017